7 Facts You Should Know About Student Loan Forgiveness Programs
It may be easier to get rid of your student loans than you ever thought possible!
Debt forgiveness is possible, but you need to be pragmatic and understand you usually don’t get something for nothing.
Debt forgiveness happens when someone you owe agrees to forgive all or part of a balance you owe them. Literally, the debt is forgiven.
People often look for ways to pay off credit card debt fast and want to explore debt forgiveness. Credit card debt forgiveness is where credit issuers forgive balances as part of debt settlement. If an issuer thinks you’ll file for bankruptcy or otherwise won’t pay your bill, they may decide some money is better than none.
To forgive your debt, a debt settlement specialist negotiates with your creditors with the goal of getting them to sign off on a settlement offer, where they agree to reduce your principal so you only pay a portion of the original amount.
In order for this to work, you need to set aside a designated amount of money each month that will be used to make the settlement offer to your creditors. But as with other forgiven debt, the amount you don’t pay may trigger a tax bill.
It’s likely you’ll have damage to your credit score, since few issuers will negotiate with you if you’re current on your payments. Typically, you have to be three months or more overdue before they will consider any type of credit card forgiveness.
Another option that people can look at is filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. Bankruptcy filings halt collection actions and lawsuits, and a Chapter 7 filing can legally erase debt and end garnishments. To find debt relief options, fill out our form or, better yet, call us now and we’ll match you with the best solution for your situation for free.
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Good: You should only start thinking about debt forgiveness once you fall behind and feel like you won’t be able to catch up. If you don’t think there’s a reasonable expectation that you can pay back everything you owe, then it may be time to seek forgiveness through settlement. A general rule of thumb is that you should be three months behind or more before trying to negotiate a settlement.
Better: A better time to pursue forgiveness is right before a creditor decides to charge off the account. For creditors, a charge-off means lost revenue – your unpaid debt becomes a loss for their company. Their only recourse if you don’t pay is to sell your debt to collector for a small percentage of what you owed. So, a creditor in this position is more likely to accept a settlement from you and forgive a portion of your debt.
Best: The best time to seek debt forgiveness through settlement is once a creditor sells it to a collector. Asking for debt forgiveness from a collector is easier because they purchased your debt for a small fraction of what you owed. So, they can turn a profit even if they accept a partial payment. Collectors are much more likely to accept a settlement making debt forgiveness much more likely once the debt goes to a third party.
The most common side effect of debt forgiveness is credit damage. In the case of credit card debt settlement, the negative remark will stay on your credit seven years. The negative item should drop off your credit seven years after the date of final discharge. You should check your credit every year to make sure old penalties drop off. Otherwise, you need to have them removed.
The effect of the negative item in your credit report is a lower credit score. This may lead to rejected loan and credit applications – i.e. lenders won’t approve you for new credit. If you do get approved, you can expect to pay higher interest rates. This effect is only temporary. In fact, it won’t even take seven years to get back to approvals at good interest rates. There are steps you can take to rebuild your credit once you’ve recovered and regained stability.
Another potential effect of debt forgiveness is that it would also close your account if it’s still open. But as stated before, forgiveness is best used once your accounts are already in charge-off status or sold to collectors. So, this usually isn’t a concern.
Credit card debt is a life-send for people are maxed out, charged off and already facing collections. It’s ideal when hen you have so much debt that is so far gone, you wonder if you’ll ever be financially healthy again. Missed payments and collections have already ruined your credit. In truth, the worse your credit is, the less a single negative action does harm. You simply have less far to fall.
The credit report penalties of debt forgiveness will take seven years to expire. Just like any missed payments, charge offs and collection accounts last. In other words, the penalties will expire around the time the rest of the penalties that you’ve incurred will expire.
If you need a clean break from debt for the lowest amount possible, credit card debt forgiveness is for you.
Credit card debt forgiveness is bad if you still have good credit and care about saving your credit score. If you’re happy with where your score is at right now, this is not the solution for you. In this case, you don’t want forgiveness. You want to assure your creditors you are committed to repaying everything you owe. That’s the best way to avoid any additional credit damage beyond what you may have already suffered.
If this is the case, you need to contact a credit counseling agency. They’ll help you set up a repayment plan instead of helping you pursue debt forgiveness.
As with many things in finance, there’s not one right way to seek credit card debt forgiveness through settlement. There are a few ways it can happen:
|Path to Forgiveness||Advantages||Disadvantages|
|You contact the creditor or collector to negotiate a settlement on your own.||It’s free||Unless you’re a good negotiator, you may not get the results you want|
|You hire a professional debt settlement company to negotiate for you.||The chances for success are usually higher||You will pay fees for each debt successfully settled by the company, based on the amount settled.|
|The creditor or collector contacts you with a settlement offer.||You know what the creditor is willing to take, so you can negotiate from there||If you can’t pay that amount, you may be stuck|
|You can get debt forgiveness by filing for bankruptcy.||The court controls the settlement amount and decides how much you must pay.||The court controls the settlement amount and decides how much you must pay.|
If you don’t want to negotiate with individual collectors and have multiple debts you want forgiven, bankruptcy may be the way to go. You’ll notice in the bankruptcy pathway in the table above, the advantages and disadvantages are the same. The court decides how much you must pay to discharge the remaining balance. That can be a blessing and a curse, and you won’t know which one it will be until you file.
If you file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the court-appointed trustee will oversee liquidating your assets to repay your creditors. If you file for Chapter 13, then the trustee sets up a payment plan that you must follow. In other words, even in bankruptcy you could still be required to make monthly payments to get out of debt. It’s basically a court-controlled debt settlement program.
With that in mind, it’s often a good idea to seek forgiveness through credit card debt settlement first. Try to negotiate on your own or if contact an accredited debt settlement company if you’re not confident negotiating yourself. If it doesn’t work, you don’t lose anything. You can still file for bankruptcy and go that route. But if it does work, you may end up with a better settlement than what you would get through the court. That means more debt forgiven for a lower percentage of what you owed.
Article last modified on June 4, 2019. Published by Debt.com, LLC