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Credit scores are important, but they seldom make headlines. Last week, they did.
You won’t be penalized for old debts you’ve paid off any more. Medical debt will hurt you less. Your scores across the credit bureaus — Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion — will be more consistent. And if you live in an apartment; you might be interested to learn you can already get credit for paying the rent on time. (That last one came from a separate announcement from Experian.)
Sound too good to be true? That’s because we left out all the complicated parts. Here’s a breakdown of what’s changing, when, and how you can help speed up your credit score boost…
In the eyes of Experian, being a good tenant should make it easier to buy a house or get any other kind of credit.
“Approximately 25 percent of the U.S. population, nearly 64 million consumers, have limited or no traditional credit history,” says Experian RentBureau VP Brannan Johnston. “Approximately a third of the U.S. population rents — and typically, it’s a consumer’s biggest monthly expense. We felt consumers who pay their rent on time each month should be recognized for that.”
Recognized how much, though? The company recently put out a study to show how much rental history can boost credit scores. Experian used data from about 20,000 people and calculated what happened to their credit scores with and without their on-time rent payments included. The average credit score increased 29 points, and some people got better results…
Regardless of your credit history, rent reporting can’t have a negative effect because late payments aren’t factored in — only on-time payments from the past two years. Johnston says the break is because late payments work differently than most credit: “Rent may be considered late if it is just five days past due, compared with 30 days for credit cards.”
Experian began using rental data in credit reports in 2010. But most people still don’t know about it because it’s optional — a lot of landlords still don’t report rent payments.
Fortunately, you can work with them to get your rental data included.
“Ask your property management company if it reports rental payment data to Experian RentBureau,” Johnston says. “If you rent from an individual landlord or property management company that does not report data, sign up through a rent payment service working with us.”
There are three options you can ask a landlord about.
ClearNow, WilliamPaid, and RentTrack all work the same basic way: You pay rent to them, they drop it into your landlord’s bank account, and then report the payment to Experian. Of course, they want to make money from both sides — the landlord and the consumer.
ClearNow charges a flat $15 per month to consumers, and the other two have various options ranging from free to 3 percent, depending on the payment method. Automatic bank debit is free.
How do you sell your landlord on the service? Point out that it benefits him, too. It gives his tenants a new incentive to pay on time, and it may help attract credit-conscious tenants. All three websites have a page pitched to landlords, with several reasons to sign up.
Unless your landlord already reports payments to Experian, this isn’t automatically boosting your score. It requires legwork that might not even pay off.
Rent data can show up on your Experian credit report (which you can get for free) but may not be used in your credit score. At least, not in the score lenders are looking at when they decide if you get a loan or a credit card or a mortgage.
There are two major credit scoring systems: FICO and VantageScore. FICO is older and the most widely used — by 90 of the 100 largest financial institutions, according to the company — and it draws on data from Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax.
But FICO hasn’t included rental data yet. In February, the company told The New York Times it was considering it, but it doesn’t seem to be one of the changes coming in the new version, either.
Meanwhile, the three credit bureaus have their own rival credit scoring system, VantageScore — that’s where the rental data comes into play, but fewer lenders rely on it. The company says seven of the top 10 financial institutions use it. FICO is, for now, the gold standard.
However, there have been times where a change to the VantageScore model seemingly prompted FICO to change, too. For instance, VantageScore already forgives paid collection accounts. That’s something FICO will only start doing with the new version coming this fall. And TransUnion, another credit bureau that factors in rent payments, released a study similar to Experian’s in June.
FICO will launch the newest version of its credit scoring system this fall. Sort of like the Windows operating system, a new version comes out every few years, with added features and improvements.
They says these improvement will mean an average score increase of 25 points for someone whose only bad marks are medical debt. Here’s a summary of the major changes…
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax all pay to license the FICO model, and each issues its own score to lenders and consumers. (That’s why they’re invested in building and popularizing an alternate credit scoring model, VantageScore.) Differences in the information each credit bureau has can cause differences across scores. But the new model will take steps to minimize that. FICO isn’t really specific about how.
When you owe a company money and fail to pay it, they eventually give up. Tell the credit bureaus you’re a horrible person who doesn’t pay what they owe, and sell the debt to a third-party collection company. It’s usually called a “charge-off,” and it can tank your credit.
The way FICO works now, even if you eventually pay what you owe, that bad mark stays on your record and brings down your score for up to seven years. (The exception is debts under $100, which are ignored.) So from a struggling consumer’s perspective, there’s no real benefit to paying off a collector; but in the new day there will be. Pay your debt and it’s water under the bridge.
Forgiving paid collection accounts is great, but what about the unavoidable bills that are too big to pay?
“More than half of all bad-debt collections on credit reports are associated with medical bills, according to a study by the Federal Reserve Board,” the Chicago Tribune says.
Fortunately, FICO is finally conceding that getting severely sick or injured is not within our control the same way that maxing out a credit card is. The related realization — which they tested, after the federal government pointed it out to them in a report released in May — is that medical debt doesn’t really say as much about how we manage money as credit card debt does.
So in the new version they won’t judge it as harshly anymore, though they haven’t said by how much.
The forthcoming FICO 9 could boost credit scores for millions of people; but it won’t happen for everyone at the same time, and could take years for some. It all depends on what kind of credit you need, and where you’re getting it.
Here’s another way FICO is like Windows: Most lenders are fine with the version they’ve got and see no rush to upgrade. The current version, FICO 8, was introduced in 2009 — but only about half the lenders that use FICO have that version, according to The New York Times.
You can ask a lender which version they use and when they plan to upgrade to FICO 9. But don’t expect this boost to help you get a mortgage any time soon.
Mortgages backed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are always based on FICO scores “one generation off the most current,” according to credit expert John Ulzheimer. Unless they upgrade as soon as FICO 9 rolls out, they’ll be two versions behind.
Credit card and auto lenders are likely to adopt the new model sooner, according to Ulzheimer.
There’s one other downside to these generally positive changes to credit scoring, no matter how long they take — that would be scammers. Once word spreads that paid collections are forgiven, debt collectors have a new bargaining chip to get you to pay. The shady ones may try to convince you to pay debts you don’t actually owe; or ones so old they don’t affect your score anyway.
Make it a habit to check your free credit reports from the three credit bureaus at AnnualCreditReport.com so you know who you owe. Also check out our collector harassment section so you can learn how the collection process is supposed to work.
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