The pause on student loans is officially ending. Learn what measures the U.S. Department of Education is taking to help borrowers from falling behind on payments.
More than 15% of surveyed adults said student loans were the No. 1 reason they went into debt. If you have a student loan debt that seems insurmountable and you’re making only the required monthly payment, you’ll be paying a lot of money for a long, long time.
The good news is, it doesn’t have to be that way.
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6 Tips for Paying Off Student Loans Fast
1. Set a target payoff date
The sooner you pay off your student loans, the more you’ll save yourself in interest charges. Set a goal payoff date that’s earlier than the loan provider’s timeframe and you could save thousands of dollars.
The key is to have the right mindset and make your student loans a priority. Promise yourself that even when you run into challenges, you’ll figure out how to keep chipping away at your student loan debt until it’s finally gone. If you don’t believe it’s possible to pay off your student loan debt, you’ll make excuses and rationalize that everyone’s got student loan debt. Then in ten years, you’ll still owe a ton of money.
2. Make payments count
Contact your student loan service provider to understand exactly how payments are applied. Generally, any amount you pay over the required payment goes directly toward the principal but it never hurts to make sure.
If you have more than one loan, target payments toward a higher-interest loan to pay it off faster. Or, you may find it motivating to eliminate a smaller loan first. Either way, keep making interest payments on the other loan(s) so those balances don’t increase.
3. Swear off forbearances
No matter how tight money is, keep making payments and skip the forbearance route. With a forbearance, your loan servicer allows you to miss payments but interest continues to accrue. I put my consolidated loans into forbearance off and on for years before I started paying regularly. That’s why my loan balance shot up from $35,000 to $46,000.
Find out: What Happens if I Can’t Pay My Student Loans.
4. Prepare to sacrifice
To make progress, you’ll have to adjust your spending. For example, I’m choosing to pay $1,000 that I would rather spend for a vacation this year on my student loan. I’ll prepare a lot of rice and noodle dishes at home to save on groceries. I’ve cut cable TV and will keep my paid-off car. Here are a few more suggestions to free up money.
- Find a roommate. You’ll cut utilities and rent or mortgage payments in half. Then put that money you saved toward your student loan.
- Find a side hustle. You can get an extra gig. Pet sit, mow lawns, drive with Uber or pull weeds in your neighbors’ gardens, whatever you need to do to earn extra cash. You could pay all that money toward your student loan at least every two weeks to keep interest down and get to the principal.
- Cut back on luxuries. Give up the gym membership and go for walks or work out at home. Sell your expensive car (if you can make a profit) and pay cash for an older model. Then put the former payment amount toward your student loan. Whatever you cut, pay that amount of money toward your student loan.
5. Keep a detailed record
Keep track in a spreadsheet or notebook of each payment, the principal amount before and after payments and how much went toward interest. Record the new balance after every payment. This will help you see how effectively your payments are lowering the principal balance.
6. Look into refinancing or a private loan
Ask your loan servicer about getting a lower interest rate. For additional information on refinancing options, see Debt.com’s student loan refinancing page and refinance tool.
The Basics of Paying Off Student Loans
Know how much you owe
The first step is to understand how much debt you have and what types of loans you hold. It may sound crazy, but many people leave school with no idea of how much they owe. This is crucial information as you develop a plan to pay off student loan debt quickly.
- You can find your federal student loan total through studentloans.gov.
- For private student loans, you need to check with each loan servicer OR you can check your credit report to see all the loans in your name.
It’s important to note which debts are private and federal because this determines which repayment plans you can use. If you just graduated, also note when the repayment period on each loan starts; most federal loans have a six-month grace period.
Evaluate your budget
The path you use to pay off student loan debt largely depends on how much income you have on hand for elimination. If you have disposable income to burn, you can pay off student loan debt fast without stressing your budget. On the other hand, if money is tight, you may need a plan that focuses on lower monthly payments.
Income security matters, too; that’s how confident are you that your income will at least remain steady. For example, you may choose to consolidate all your loans together (federal and private) with a private consolidation loan. However, this would make you ineligible for federal relief programs if you run into trouble down the road.
Get familiar with different repayment plans
There are different repayment plans for different types of student loan debt and various needs:
- Private consolidation loan: This is where you take out a new loan to pay off student loans. You qualify based on your credit and can use the funds to pay off federal and private student loan debt.
- Federal standard repayment plan: This is the repayment plan your federal loans automatically fall into if you don’t choose another program. It pays off student loans in fixed payments over 10 years.
- Federal graduated repayment plan: This program is also 10 years; payments start lower and increase gradually over time. The idea is to match payments to your income as you advance in your career.
- Federal income-based repayment: This is a hardship-based program that matches the monthly payments to your income and family size. The payments usually come out to roughly 15% of your take-home income.
- Federal income-contingent repayment: This is another hardship program with slightly higher payments. In general, you end up paying roughly 20% of your income.
- Federal Pay As You Earn plan: This is a specialized hardship plan for loans taken out after 2011. It can reduce your payments to 10% of your income or less, providing the lowest payments possible.
All the hardship-based plans offered through the federal government have terms over 20 years. However, if you qualify for Public Service Loan Forgiveness, the government forgives your remaining balances after 120 payments (10 years).
Decide if/how to divide your loans between repayment plans
This is where paying off student loans can get tricky. There is no requirement that all federal student loans must go into the same repayment plan. In fact, you can even do strategic things like having two standard repayment plans running at the same time. Since standard monthly payments depend on the total debt included, splitting your debt up can adjust how much you pay each month.
In general, you can’t enroll in a hardship plan and another hardship plan or a standard plan at the same time. However, you can pay off federal student loans with part of a private consolidation loan, and then include the rest in a hardship-based plan. That assumes that you have an income level low enough to count under the federal definition of financial hardship.
Also, note that to use federal loan forgiveness, you must enroll the loans you want forgiven into a hardship-based plan. Forgiveness only applies to loans you include in that program. You also need to certify that you work in a qualified public service position during the 10 years of repayment.
Your ultimate goal is to achieve the highest total monthly payment you can comfortably afford on your budget. This will pay off student loan debt as quickly as possible and minimize total interest charges. If you can’t figure this out on your own or you’re unsure, get professional help.
A Final Note on How to Pay Off Student Loan Debt Fast
In general, private student loan consolidation is the fastest way to pay off student loan debt. At a minimum, federal repayment plans take 10 years. But with a private consolidation loan, you can set a term that works for your budget and goals. So, if you want to pay off student loan debt in five years, you set a 60-payment term; as long as you can afford the payments, this will get you out of debt in half the time.
It’s worth noting that you can usually make larger payments or extra payments on student loans without early repayment penalties. This means you can direct extra cash, such as a tax refund, to your student debt. Extra payments and larger payments mean you pay off the principal faster, so you can be out of debt that much sooner. Making the largest payments possible will pay off student loan debt as fast as possible.
Article last modified on August 23, 2023. Published by Debt.com, LLC