If you suddenly need cash, you can typically use your credit card in any ATM to get some money. But it is a costly process. While this is often called a “cash advance,” in reality, it is an expensive loan from your credit card company. Only use cash advances for emergencies and never use credit card cash advances to pay off other debt. It’s far better to start a budget and have a small savings account to handle those types of emergencies.
- A cash advance is typically a high-interest, high-fee loan from your credit card issuer, but there are other types of “cash advances” you may not know about.
- Cash advances can happen even if you don’t take out money at an ATM.
- If you must take a cash advance, pay it off as soon as possible.
How a cash advance works
Technically, a cash advance works the same upfront as a debit card tied to your bank account; you put your card into an ATM, enter a PIN, and take out the cash you need.
In reality, a credit card cash advance works far differently from a debit card. You aren’t taking out cash from your bank account; instead, you borrow cash from your credit card issuer. It’s convenient, but you wind up paying a lot of fees for this convenience, including:
- Cash advance fees – Can start at $10 with a minimum of 5%.
- ATM fees – Depending upon the ATM you use, there is typically a charge for out-of-network banks.
- Interest – Can run anywhere from 17% – 25%. Interest on cash advances is different and (usually) higher than interest on purchases. They also have no grace period, and interest is charged right away.
Types of cash advances
You may think that only going to an ATM to take out cash would be considered a cash advance. But there are eight types of transactions that most card issuers consider to be cash advances.
- ATM withdrawals – These are the type of transactions most people think about when using their credit card to access cash. This should not be confused with using a debit card to withdraw cash.
- Overdraft protection – When you link your credit card to your checking account to avoid overdraft fees (coverage for checks or online payments when you don’t have enough of a balance), the “overdraft protection” is treated the same as a cash advance. Not all overdraft protection is treated as a cash advance. A banking customer can use a savings account instead of a credit card to cover overdrafts. There may be fees with either method, but using a savings account will be far less expensive and won’t have interest charges.
- Gambling Transactions – Using your credit card (when allowed) for gambling is most often treated as a cash advance. Many casinos do not allow you to use cards other than to get cash advances at their ATMs.
- Gift Cards – Purchasing gift cards CAN BE considered a cash advance if you buy them directly from a financial institution. Still, generally, buying a gift card is treated as a regular purchase if you buy them at your local grocery store.
- Credit card checks – The convenience checks that often come with a new credit card can be treated the same as cash advances. It’s best to shred them.
- Buying foreign currency – Buying the local currency in another country can be treated the same as a cash advance and subject to the same charges, plus a currency conversion fee that might be as high as 3%.
- Cryptocurrency – Many credit card companies treat cryptocurrency purchases the same as cash advances. Others don’t allow it at all because of a high potential for fraud. Some cryptocurrency exchanges also charge extra fees for using credit cards.
- Transferring between accounts – Transfering money from a credit card to a bank account is also considered a cash advance.
Cash advance pros and cons
|• Quick and easy loan||• Very high fees/interest rates|
|• Available anytime||• Can affect credit utilization|
|• No application needed||• Interest starts on the first day|
A cash advance can hurt your credit score
When you raise your credit utilization rate, your credit score can suffer. Cash advances do impact your utilization rate. This rate measures the amount of the available credit limit you are currently using. Anything above 30% will hurt your credit score, so borrowing a large sum of money with a cash advance can quickly increase your utilization rate, just like a big purchase would.
Outside of the utilization ratio, cash advances do not impact your credit score. There is no credit rating for cash advances.
Other ways that credit card cash advances can hurt you
Having high balances on your credit card can hurt your credit rating and is very expensive. You also run the risk of having your debt get out of control and sent to collectors. Bill collectors can pursue legal actions, including wage garnishment. By the way, if a bill collector claims they can arrest you and send you to prison, they are lying, no one in the USA has been sent to jail for debt since the 1830s, but you do need to follow any court orders. If your credit card debt is difficult to handle, there are many resources you can use.
Always tell your partner about a cash advance. Sometimes spouses and others in committed relationships tend to hide debt. This is called financial infidelity, and it can hurt your relationship. So be open with your partner if you need a credit card cash advance. Additionally, if you are unemployed and in debt, here are some options.
Why cash advances are expensive
CNBC gives us an example of how much typically a $500 cash advance can cost you. Even if you paid it in full the next month, you’d still have cash advance fees, interest from the time of withdrawal, and the ATM fee.Keep in mind that like any interest rate on a credit card, cash advance interest compounds daily, meaning it adds up quickly.
|Cash advance withdrawal||$500|
|Cash advance fee (5%)||$25|
|Cash advance APR (26.74%)||$72 in interest|
|Estimated time to pay off the cash advance||12 months|
|Total interest and fees||$99.50|
Alternatives to cash advances
Begin an emergency savings account as soon as possible to avoid having to borrow for emergencies. Make sure your checking account is balanced before you pay bills, and choose to have it tied to a savings account rather than a credit card.
Depending on what you’re using the cash advance for, ask if you charge the service or fee directly instead of paying cash.
If you absolutely need cash, consider selling items to cover the cost, using a service like Declutter or OfferUp. If you have old technology you’re not using anymore, you can also sell if for cash using apps like Gazelle.
If you have good credit and a good history with your bank, consider getting a personal loan. This will have a fixed rate of interest, and repaying on time will boost your credit rating. Don’t go to a payday loan store or use other “easy money” options.
Credit card cash advances vs debit cards
When you use a debit card or credit card to purchase something or even get cash, they both work the same upfront. You enter your card into an ATM, put in your PIN and take out cash, or purchase online or in a store.
Beyond that, what happens after the withdrawal or transaction is significantly different. When you take out money using a debit card, it’s automatically deducted from your bank account, and there are no fees other than a possible out-of-network ATM fee. But as shown above, taking a cash advance from a credit card can cost you a significant amount.
Using a credit card to purchase goods and services works the same way. You are borrowing money, and interest is charged if don’t repay the balance within the grace period. The grace period on a credit card is a period when you are not charged interest on purchases provided you are not carrying a balance. Aside from interest, there can be many other fees you should avoid.
Credit cards may offer much better fraud protection than debit cards, depending on the bank or credit union that issued the debit card. If you report any loss or theft within 48 hours, your liability is no more than $50. While debit cards are beginning to offer more protection, they still need to catch up. Call your issuer right away if you suspect any fraud on either a debit card or a credit card.
Cash advance FAQ
Q:Is a cash advance a good idea or a bad idea?
Q:What does cash advance mean on my credit card statement?
Q:Why do I have a cash advance fee on my credit card?
Q:What do you need to get a cash advance?
Q:How can I get a cash advance instantly?
Q:Can I get a cash advance from my bank or credit union?
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Article last modified on September 1, 2021. Published by Debt.com, LLC